Rice is arguably the most popular grain on the planet. It is high in protein and fiber, which helps the digestive process. Rice can come in many forms, the most healthy being brown rice. Each form contains generally the same amount of protein and fiber.
The medicinal parts of the plant are the seeds.
Flower and Fruit
The panicle is up to 30 cm long. The husk is 7 to 9 mm long with 5 clearly protruding veins. They have 8 cm long, light or dark red awns, or no awns at all. The seed is tightly covered by the layers of the husk and is compressed from the side.
Leaves, Stem, and Root
Rice is an annual. The stem is hollow, leafy, and erect. The leaves are clasping and sheathlike at the base and grow up to 1 m in length. The leaf surface is up to 60 cm long and 1.5 cm wide. The leaves have bristly ciliate spikelets at the base.
Rice is probably native to China and India. Today it is cultivated widely in wet areas in the tropics and sub-tropics.
Rice is the seed of Oryza sativa.
Actions & Pharmacology
Proteins: including prolamines, glutelins, globulins, albumins
Fatty oil (1.0-1.8% in the entire fruit, 7–12 % in the germ): chief fatty acid linoleic acid (45%)
Polysaccharides, soluble: galactoarabinoxylan
Monosaccharides, oligosaccharides: glucose, fructose, saccharose
Flavonoids: including tricine, tricine-7-O-glucoside, tricinine
Steroids: sterols, including beta-sitosterol, gamma-sitosterol, campesterol
Diterpenes: momilactone A, momilactone B
Vitamins of the B-group
Rice has been shown to be effective for pain relief and sedation of the digestive tract.
Indications & Usage
Rice is used during recovery from disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, illnesses of the gastrointestinal tract, and diarrhea.
Among uses in Chinese medicine are diabetes, spontaneous perspiration, diarrhea, and debility.
Rice is used for pneumonia, diarrhea, and diseases of the colon.
Precautions & Adverse Reactions
No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages.
Rice seeds are boiled in water before ingestion.