The medicinal parts are the leaves, stem and flowers, which are collected when the plant is completely mature.
Flower and Fruit
The inflorescence is terminal and racemous with 3 to 10 inclined flowers. The flower buds are globose or oblong-ovate. The tepal petals are 3 to 3.5 cm long, involute, and orange with dark spots. They contain a ciliate mauve honey gland. The anthers are red. The fruit is a 2-winged capsule with an erect fruit stem. The seeds are flat, light brown, and 6 to 8 mm long. Since the seeds do not ripen in northern regions, propagation takes place by means of bulbils, which occur at the leaf axils. Flowers are produced during the third year of growth.
Leaves, Stem, and Root
The plant is a perennial, 30 to 60 cm high or higher. The bulb is golden yellow, ovate, and about 5 cm long. The stem is erect, round, glabrous or with short rough hairs on the upper section. The stem is green or spotted red and leafy in the middle. The leaves are 7 to 11 ribbed, oblong-spatulate, shortly ciliated and up to 15 cm long.
The plant comes from China and Japan, but is also cultivated in central and southern Europe.
Martagon is the tuber of Lilium martagon.
Purple Turk's Cap Lily, Turk's Cap
Actions & Pharmacology
Gamma-methylene glutamic acid
The constituents of the drug have not been fully investigated.
No information is available.
Indications & Usage
The drug is used as a diuretic and in the treatment of dysmenorrhea. It is used externally for ulcers.
All the above uses are also employed in homeopathic medicine.
Precautions & Adverse Reactions
No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages.
Mode of Administration
Martagon is available as cut drug for internal use in infusions and external use in poultices. Homeopathic dilutions are also available.