Boneset is a flowering plant that has approximately 60 different species. The medicinal part is the flower, which is indigenous to the eastern United States. It is know to help with colds and flu by boosting the immune system.
The medicinal part is the herb after flowering.
Flower and Fruit
There are numerous flower heads in terminal, large, and slightly convex cymose-paniculate inflorescences. They consist of 10 to 12 white, inconspicuous florets with bristly pappus whose hairs are arranged in a single row. The fruit is a tufted achene.
Leaves, Stem, and Root
Eupatorium perfoliatum is a perennial herb with a horizontal hairy rootstock. The stems are rough-haired and grow to about 1.5 m. The leaves are opposite, 10 to 15 cm long, lanceolate, crenate, tapering to narrow point and fused at the base. They have shiny yellow points due to the resin glands, which are visible on the undersurface.
The taste is astringent and persistently bitter.
The herb is indigenous to the eastern U.S.
Boneset is the complete aerial part of Eupatorium perfoliatum.
Agueweed, Crosswort, Feverwort, Indian Sage, Sweating Plant, Teasel, Thoroughwort, Vegetable Antimony
Actions & Pharmacology
Flavonoids: including eupatorin, astragalin, rutin, hyperoside
Sesquiterpene lactones: including eupafolin, euperfolitin, eufoliatin, eufoliatorin, euperfolide
Immunostimulating polysaccharides (heteroxylans)
The herb acts as an antiphlogistic, a diaphoretic, and a bitter, in addition to stimulating the body's immune system. In a comparative study of the homeopathic preparation Eupatorium D2 with aspirin in the treatment of feverish catarrh, a similar positive tendency was observed. In vitro, the phagocytic action of granulocytes was increased.
Indications & Usage
On rare occasions, Boneset is used in folk medicine.
Boneset is used as a treatment for flu and febrile diseases.
Precautions & Adverse Reactions
Health risks or side effects following the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages are not recorded. Sensitization after skin contact with the plant is possible. Older scientific literature (Lewin) calls attention to the fact that the drug can lead to enhanced outbreaks of sweat and diarrhea in therapeutic use.
- Liquid Extract
Mode of Administration
Boneset is used in homeopathic preparations and dilutions.